NT: Bethsaida / OT: Geshur
Bethsaida is about 50 miles from Caesarea Philippi (Paneas, Banias)
This large four-chamber city gate is on the southeast side of the Old Testament city of Geshur.
Each side of the gate has a standing stone (called a massevoth) to represent the deity.
The high place of worship is on the right side (north side) with a stella of the storm god Hadad (a deity worshipped in Aram, just to the north of Israel) portrayed as a standing bull-headed image on a tripod wearing a sword.
The east gate leading into the Old Testament city of Geshur which was the capital of the kingdom of Geshur. Notice the basalt pavement stones. This is a four chamber gate with two chambers on each side where business and governmental issues were dealt with. One of the chambers can be seen inside the gate on the left side.
The entrance to the gate is flanked by two standing stones - one on the left and one on the right.
The right side of the gate has the high place of worship with three steps leading up to the stela and basin.
Dan in the Bible:
Gen. 14:13-16, Abram left Hebron to go to Dan in order to rescue Lot.
Judges 18, tribe of Dan left its allotted inheritance by the Philistines and moved to this northern location.
1 Kings 12:26-33, Jeroboam set up one of his two golden calf idols in Dan to keep his people of Israel from going to Jerusalem in Judah to worship.
Dan (Canaanite’s Laish) is the northern extent of Israel in the Old Testament. The phrase “from Dan to Beersheba” meant all of Israel from the north to the south. Dan has an abundant supply of water including the Dan Spring that is the largest of four sources of water (Banias, Iyon and Hasbani Springs) that meet to form the Jordan River that feeds into the Sea of Galilee.
The Dan Inscription is an ancient inscription mentioning the House of David It was found by Avraham Biran near the Iron Age gate and likely written by Hazael of Damascus in 840 BC who erected it near the gate when he took the city. The Aramean king wrote that he killed both Israel’s and Judah’s king (similar to 2 Kings 9) and refers to Judah’s king as the House of David indicating that David’s royal line was still ruling in 840 BC, 160 years after David. This is the oldest contemporary textual reference to the Davidic line of kings and gives historical support for the existence of David.
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