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GENESIS
6000-1800 BC

EXODUS-JOSHUA
1800-1350 BC
JUDGES-2 SAMUEL
1350-950 BC
NEW TESTAMENT
20 BC-100 AD
CHURCH HISTORY
100-1500 AD
..........
1 Kings-Nehemiah, 950-332 BC
Archaeological Time Periods
Iron Age II - 1000-586 BC (David, Solomon, Kings, Prophets, fall of Jerusalem)
Babylonian Period - 586-539 BC (Daniel, Ezekiel, Captivity)
Persian Period - 539-332 BC (Jews Return, Ezra, Nehemiah)
Kings of ISRAEL Kings of ARAM Kings of ASSYRIA
Kings of JUDAH Kings of BABYLON Kings of EGYPT
Jeroboam (930-909)    
950 BC
Rehoboam (930-913)    
Nadab (909-908) Hezion  
Abijam (913-910)    
Baasha (908-886) Tabrimmon (1 Kg.15:18) Tukulti-Ninurta II (890-884)
Asa (910-869)    
Elah (886-885) Ben-hadad (tribute from Asa
1 Kg.15:18) (885-865)
 
     
Zimri (885)    
     
Tibni (885-880)    
     
Omri (885-874)   Ashurnasirpal II (883-859)
     
Ahab (874-853) Irhuleni (853)
Ben-Hadad II, or Hadadezer, king of Damascus (880-842)
 
     
Ahaziah (853-852)    
Jehoshaphat (872-848)    
Joram (852-841) Hazael (842-796)(1 Kg.19:15) Shalmaneser III (859-824)
(He records Ahab and Jehu)
Jehoram (853-841)    
850 BC
Jehu (841-814)    
Ahaziah (841)    
Jehoahaz (814-798)   Shamsi-Adad V (823-811)
Athaliah (841-835)    
Jehoash (798-782) Ben-Hadad III (796-792)2Kg.13 Adad-nirari III (810-782) (2 Kings 13:5)
Joash (835-796)    
Jeroboam II (793-753)   Shalmaneser IV (782-773)
Amaziah (796-767)    
Zechariah(753) Hezion (circa 773) Ashur-dan III (772-754) visited by Jonah
     
Shallum (752)   Ashur-nirai V (754-744)
     
Menahem (752-742)   Tiglath-pileser III (Put) (744-727)
(2 KIngs 15:19, 29). He records Menahem, Pekah, Hoshea and Ahaz.
750 BC
Uzziah (792-740)    
 
Pekahiah 742-740) Rezin (754-732) Is.7:1-9; 2Kg16:7  
Jotham (750-735)    
Pekah (740-732)    
Ahaz (735-715) Nabu-mukin-zeri (731-729)  
Hoshea (731-721)   Shalmaneser V (727-722) (2Kg.17:3-6)
  Marduk-apla-iddina II (721-710)
(Merodach-Baladan)
(2Kg.20:12-19; Isa.39)
 
Sargon II (722-705) (Is.20:1)  
    Sennacherib (704-681)(2Kg:18:13)

Hezekiah (715-686)

Shamash-shum-ukin (667-648)

Necho I (672-664)
Esarhaddon (680-669) (2 Kg.19:37) 650 BC Manasseh (697-642)
    Ashurbanipal (668-627)
Amon (642-640)   Psamtic II (664-610)
     
Josiah (640-609) Nabopolassar (625-605) Necho II (610-595)
     
Jehoahaz (609)    
     
Jehoiakim (609-598) Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562)  
     
Jehoiachin (597)   Psamtic II (595-589)
     
Zedekiah (597-586)   Apries (589-570)
     
     
     
BIBLE EVENTS Amel-Marduk (or, Evil-Merodach)
(561-560)( 2 Kings 25:27)
 
 
     
  Neriglissar (559-556) (Jer.39:3)  
    Kings of Persia
  Labashi-Marduk (556) Amasis (570-526)
    Cyrus II (550-529)
550 BC
  Nabonidus (555-539) and
Belshazzar, son, co-regent (Dan.5:22)
 
 
    Cambyses II (529-522)
  Kings of Macedonia (Greece) Psamtik III (526-525
    Darius I (522-486)
  Alexander I (496-454)  
    Xerxes I (486-465)
  Perdikkas II (454-413)  
    Artaxerxes I (465-425)
450 BC
  Archelaos I (413-399)  
    Xerxes II (425-424)
  Aeropos II (398-395)  
    Darius II (423-404)
  Amyntas II (395-394)  
    Artaxerxes II (404-359)     Amyntas III (393-370)  
    Artaxerxes III (359-338) 350 BC   Perdiccas III (365-359)  
    Arses (338-336)     Philip II (359-336)  
    Darius III (336-330)     Alexander III the Great (336-323) Ptolemy DynastyEgypt
    Seleucid Dynasty in Asia Minor     Philip III Arrhidaios (323-317) Ptolemy I Soter
(323-282)
  Seleukos I Nikator (312-281)
    Antiochos I Soter (281-261)     Alexander IV (323-310) PtolemyII Philadelphos(284-246)
    Antiochos II Theos (261-246)     Olympias (317-316)  
    Seleukos II Kallinikos (246-226)     Cassander (315-297) Ptolemy II Euergetes (246-222)
    Seleukos III (226-223)        
    Antiochos III Megas (the Great) (223-187)        
    Seleukos IV Philopator (187-175)        
    Antiochos IV Epiphanes (175-164)        
    Atiochos V Eupator (164-162)        
    Demetrios I Soter (162-150)        
    Alexander Balas (Epiphanes) (150-145)        
    Demetrios II Nikator (145-140, 129-125)        
             
             
             
             
 
 
     
Artaxerxes Wine Bowl possibly handled by Nehemiah

Artaxerxes' Wine Bowl possibly handled by Nehemiah

 

(Click on photo to open a larger image.)

 

 
Nebuchadnezzar captures Jerusalem official Babylonian document chronicles Nebuchadnezzar reign 605-595 Jehoakim king of Judah surrendered Jerusalem in 597 Nebuchadnezzar captures Jerusalem recorded on an official Babylonian document that chronicles Nebuchadnezzar's reign during the years of 605-595 BC. This clay tablet records that Jehoakim king of Judah surrendered Jerusalem in 597 BC.  
Shalmaneser's Black Obelisk both records and provides an image of Jehu bringing tribute in Side A in the 2nd Row. Jehu is on his hands and knees with his face on the ground before Shalmaneser.

Shalmaneser's Black Obelisk both records and provides an image of Jehu bringing tribute in Side A in the 2nd Row. Jehu is on his hands and knees with his face on the ground before Shalmaneser.

Israel tribute bears are also seen several times on this obelisk.

 

 

 

See more images of the Siege of Lachish detail page HERE

Shalmaneser's Black Obelisk both records and provides an image of Jehu bringing tribute in Side A in the 2nd Row. Jehu is on his hands and knees with his face on the ground before Shalmaneser
Arad High Place The High Place of worship in Arad showing the altar for burnt sacrifice and the Holy Place with two altars for incense and two standind stones. Most Holy Place at the High Place in Arad
Four Horned altar at Beersheba

Four horned altar found at Beersheba.

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Click on photo to open a larger image.)

 
Siloam Inscription from the days of Hezekiah Siloam Inscription from the days of Hezekiah Siloam Inscription from the days of Hezekiah orinally was located in the wall of Hezkiah's Tunnel
Proto-Aeolic royal capitals for ancient pillars Proto-Aeolic royal capitals for ancient pillars  
Hezekiah's Tunnel Hezekiah's Tunnel in Jerusalem Hezekiah's Tunnel in Jerusalem
Jotham Bulla, a replica Jotham Bulla (750-735 BC) (replica)  
Ahaz Bulla, a replica Ahaz Bulla (735-715 BC) (replica)  
Replica of Hezekiah Bulla

Hezekiah Bulla (715-686 BC) (replica)

 

 

 

 

 

(Click on photo to open a larger image.)

 
Manasseh Bulla, a replica Manasseh Bulla (697-642 BC) (replica)  
Shamshi-adad V (823-811) from Nimrud Shamshi-adad V (823-811) from Nimrud  
Ashurnasirapal II in the center with weapons meeting a high official after winnint the battle. An attendant protects him with an umbrella while his winged god hovers over the greeting. Ashurnasirapal II in the center with weapons meeting a high official after winnint the battle. An attendant protects him with an umbrella while his winged god hovers over the greeting.  
Assyrian helmet designed with a point to deflect blows and missiles

Assyrian helmet designed with a point to deflect blows and missiles. It is made with iron decorated with bronnze inlay that has now turned green. The design is a procession around the helmet showing the king surrounded by attendants and archers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Click on photo to open a larger image.)

 
Babylonian Chronicles for the years 615-60 Babylonian Chronicles for the years 615-609 which includes the fall of Nineveh to Nabopolassar's son and general, Nebuchadnezzar. Also in this chronicle is the record of a treaty with Cyaxares the king of the Medes whose granddaughter married Nebudhadnezzar and it traditionally believed it is for her that Nebuchadnezzar built the hanging gardens.  
Belshazzaris mentioned on this clay tablet from 545 BC and dated as the 24th day of Kislimu in the 11 year of Nabonidus Belshazzaris mentioned on this clay tablet from 545 BC and dated as the 24th day of Kislimu in the 11 year of Nabonidus. This clay document mentions a slave of Belshazzar. It was found in Borsippa.  
Cyrus Cylinder Cyrus Cylinder  
From Nebuchadnezzar's throne room. This is a lion made of glazed bricks of blue, yellow and white. From Nebuchadnezzar's throne room. This is a lion made of glazed bricks of blue, yellow and white.  
King Sargon and his son, Sennacerib, the next king of Assyria King Sargon and his son, Sennacerib, the next king of Assyria  
Sling stones used by the Assyrians at the Judean stronghold of Lachish in Judea in 701 BC

Sling stones used by the Assyrians at the Judean stronghold of Lachish in Judea in 701 BC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Click on photo to open a larger image.)

 
Lamassu or cherubim designed as human-headed, eagle-winged, bulls or lions that protected Sargon's palace in 713 BC Lamassu or cherubim designed as human-headed, eagle-winged, bulls or lions that protected Sargon's palace in 713 BC in Khorsabad (ancient Dur Sharrukin). These images are carved from a single block and are about 14 feet high.  
Protecting Ashurnasirpal II throneroom in Nimrud. This is one of two Human headed winged lions or cherubim

Protecting Ashurnasirpal II throneroom in Nimrud. This is one of two Human headed winged lions or cherubim.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Click on photo to open a larger image.)

 
Siege of Lachish at the walls of the city

Sennacherib siege of Lachish at the wall of the city. Impaling the rebels and taking away the captives

Israelite rebels appear before Sennacherib for
judgment and execution



See more images of the Siege of Lachish detail page HERE

Siege of Lachish - Israelite rebels appear before Sennacherib for judgment and execution

Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BC) ...see more details HERE

Ashurnasipal II is the king seen behind the Siege Engine in the gypsum wall panel relief to the left. It provides details of events in the years 865-860 BC and was found in the northwest palace in Nimrud or ancient Kalhu.

 

 


Ashurnasirpal II (883-859) Gypsum Stela

 

See more images of Ashurnasirpal II HERE.

Sennacherib Prism (Taylor Prism)

Sennacherib mentions Hezekiah

 

 

 

 

 

 

More images of the Taylor Prism with details are found HERE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Click on photo to open a larger image.)

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Tiglath-pileser III

 

Isaiah the Prophet Bulla

Isaiah the Prophet Bulla (replica)

The bullae says: "Belonging to Isaiah the (p)rophet"

This was found on the Ophel just south of the Temple Mount near the location a bulla of Hezekiah was found.
It was uncovered by Eliat Mazar in 2018.

 
Baruchiah Bulla

Bulla of Jeremiah's scribe Baruch son of Neriah. (replica)

The original is in the Israel Museum and has a visible fingerprint in the upper right center.

 

 

First line on bulla says: "Belonging to Baruch"

Second line on bulla says: "son of Neriah "

Third line on bulla says: "the scribe"









Bible references from the book of Jeremiah:
 


"So Jeremiah called Baruch son of Neriah, and while Jeremiah dictated all the words the Lord had spoken to him, Baruch wrote them on the scroll. Then Jeremiah told Baruch, “I am restricted; I am not allowed to go to the Lord’s temple. So you go to the house of the Lord on a day of fasting and read to the people from the scroll the words of the Lord that you wrote as I dictated. Read them to all the people of Judah who come in from their towns. Perhaps they will bring their petition before the Lord and will each turn from their wicked ways, for the anger and wrath pronounced against this people by the Lord are great.” Baruch son of Neriah did everything Jeremiah the prophet told him to do; at the Lord’s temple he read the words of the Lord from the scroll.
Gemariah, the son of Shapan, Jeremiah 36:4-15, First Line: "Belonging to Gemariah", Second Line: "son of Shapan"

Gemariah, the son of Shapan. (replica) 
Both son and father were scribes and are recorded serving as scribes .

First line on bulla says: "Belonging to Gemariah"

Second line on bulla says: "son of Shapan"

Shapan was the scribe who read the lost book of the law to King Josiah according to 2 Kings 22:4-10:

“In the eighteenth year of King Josiah, the king sent
Shaphan the son of Azaliah, son of Meshullam, the
secretary
, to the house of the Lord, saying, “Go up to Hilkiah
the high priest, that he may count the money that has been
brought into the house of the Lord, which the keepers of
the threshold have collected from the people. And let it be
given into the hand of the workmen who have the oversight
of the house of the Lord, and let them give it to the
workmen who are at the house of the Lord, repairing the
house … And Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the
secretary, “I have found the Book of the Law in the house of
the Lord.” And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he
read it. And Shaphan the secretary came to the king, and
reported to the king, … Then Shaphan the secretary told the
king, “Hilkiah the priest has given me a book.” And Shaphan
read it before the king.” (2 Kings 22:4-10)

In the ninth monthof the fifth year of Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah, a time of fasting before the Lord was proclaimed for all the people in Jerusalem and those who had come from the towns of Judah. From the room of Gemariah son of Shaphan the secretary, which was in the upper courtyard at the entrance of the New Gate of the temple, Baruch read to all the people at the Lord’s temple the words of Jeremiah from the scroll.When Micaiah son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, heard all the words of the Lord from the scroll, he went down to the secretary’s room in the royal palace, where all the officials were sitting: Elishama the secretary, Delaiah son of Shemaiah, Elnathan son of Akbor, Gemariah son of Shaphan, Zedekiah son of Hananiah, and all the other officials.  After Micaiah told them everything he had heard Baruch read to the people from the scroll, all the officials sent Jehudi son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, to say to Baruch, “Bring the scroll from which you have read to the people and come.” So Baruch son of Neriah went to them with the scroll in his hand. They said to him, “Sit down, please, and read it to us.” So Baruch read it to them." (Jeremiah 36:4-15)
Jerahmael Bulla, First Line: "Belonging to Jerahmael", Second line: "son of the king", Jeremiah 36:23-26

Jerahmael Bulla (replica)

First line on bulla says: "Belonging to Jerahmael"

Second line on bulla says: "son of the king"

"Whenever Jehudi had read three or four columns of the scroll, the king cut them off with a scribe’s knife and threw them into the firepot, until the entire scroll was burned in the fire.  The king and all his attendants who heard all these words showed no fear, nor did they tear their clothes. Even though Elnathan, Delaiah and Gemariah urged the king not to burn the scroll, he would not listen to them.  Instead, the king commanded Jerahmeel, a son of the king, Seraiah son of Azriel and Shelemiah son of Abdeel to arrest Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet.  But the Lord had hidden them."
(Jeremiah 36:23-26)
Bulla of Seriah son of Neriah, brother of Baruch the scribe of Jeremiah, Jeremiah 51:59-64

Bulla of Seriah son of Neriah. (replica) 
Seriah is recorded as the son of Neriah that served as a scribe in the days of Jeremiah and Baruch in Jeremiah 51:59. Seraiah son of Neriah was the brother of Baruch son of Neriah. Both brothers were scribes.

Seraiah went with Judah's king Zedekiah to Babylon to meet with King Nebuchadnezzer. 

First line on bulla says: "Belonging to Seriah"

Second line on bulla says: "son of Neriah"
"The word that Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, son of Mahseiah, when he went with Zedekiah king of Judah to Babylon, in the fourth year of his reign. Seraiah was the quartermaster. Jeremiah wrote in a book all the disaster that should come upon Babylon, all these words that are written concerning Babylon. And Jeremiah said to Seraiah: “When you come to Babylon, see that you read all these words, and say, ‘O LORD, you have said concerning this place that you will cut it off, so that nothing shall dwell in it, neither man nor beast, and it shall be desolate forever.’ When you finish reading this book, tie a stone to it and cast it into the midst of the Euphrates, and say, ‘Thus shall Babylon sink, to rise no more, because of the disaster that I am bringing upon her, and they shall become exhausted.’” Thus far are the words of Jeremiah." (Jeremiah 51:59-64)
     
     

Photos were taken by Galyn Wiemers of
Generation Word Bible Teaching Ministry
of images on location in Israel or
on display in a public library or
from Galyn's personal collection.
Some photographs are images of replicas
(not the original piece). These are identified.

All images may be downloaded, published, uploaded
or freely used for further study and Bible teaching.

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