1) Restates that God's righteousness has been revealed in verse 21 (restatement of 1:17)
2) Just as all humans are equally under sin, they also have equal access to God's righteousness by faith (22-23)
3) The source for humans to attain God's righteousness is through God's provision of Christ's atoning sacrifice. (24-25)
4) The atonement solves the age long problem of pagan religions. How can a just God forgive sins and still be just? The righteousness of God is required to be achieved by humans but God who is The Righteous One cannot simply forgive and forget without destroying his own character. The answer is the atoning sacrifice of Christ. (25-26) God has both provided man with his righteousness and maintained his integrity in Christ's death.
Romans 3:21 nuni BUT NOW de APART cwriV FROM nomou LAW dikaiosunh RIGHTEOUSNESS OF qeou GOD pefanerwtai HAS BEEN MANIFESTED,
marturoumenh BEING BORNE WITNESS upo BY tou THE nomou LAW kai AND twn THE profhtwn PROPHETS:
"But now" is the hinge on which the door of a dark room (chapters 1-3) opens into the light.
“Righteousness of God” refers to right standing with God.
First use of Law has no article so it says “Law” not “the Law” (of Moses).
“Has Been Made Known” (NIV) is “has been manifested” in the perfect tense and means “stands manifested”
The Hebrew Scriptures (OT) were made of two sections:
a) the Law
b) the Prophets
In chapter 4 Paul is going to draw an example from both of these portions of the OT to confirm his doctrine. From the Law he uses Abraham and from the Prophets (which included 1 and 2 Samuel) he will use David.
Romans 3:22 dikaiosunh RIGHTEOUSNESS de EVEN OF qeou GOD dia THROUGH pistewV FAITH OF ihsou JESUS cristou CHRIST, eiV TOWARDS pantaV ALL kai AND epi UPON pantaV ALL
touV THOSE THAT pisteuontaV BELIEVE: ou IS NO gar FOR estin THERE diastolh DIFFERENCE:
In this verse Paul introduces the object of faith for the first time: Jesus Christ.
"Through faith in Jesus Christ" is translated correctly above as "through faith of Jesus Christ" which means "through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ"
Romans 3:23 panteV ALL gar FOR hmarton SINNED kai AND usterountai COME SHORT thV OF THE doxhV GLORY tou OF qeou GOD;
"Sinned" is in the aorist which may be summarizing all the sins of time in one word or may be referring to all people sinning in Adam at one time.
"Come Short" is in the present tense and indicates a continual action. It identifies a continuous failure.
The “Glory of God” refers to his character.
Since we lack the character of God we do not have a relationship with God nor do we have fellowship.
Notice in verse 22 that all who believe receive right standing.
It is not all who have sinned (verse 23) who are in right standing.
Romans 3:24 dikaioumenoi BEING JUSTIFIED dwrean GRATUITOUSLY th BY autou HIS cariti GRACE, dia THROUGH thV apolutrwsewV REDEMPTION thV WHICH [IS] en IN cristw CHRIST ihsou JESUS;
Righteousness (right standing) with God causes us to be justified.
What is justification?
a) Justification is an act, not a process
b) Justification is something God does to man. Man can not do it to themselves anymore than a criminal can declare themselves not guilty in a court room. God is the judge and the one who measures us. He declares justified or guilty.
c) Justification is a legal term.
d) Justification means to acquit
e) Justification means to DECLARE righteous. It does not mean to MAKE righteous!
f) Justification is not a change that God does in us. Justification is a change in our relationship to God and his righteousness (or, his character).
g) Justification identifies a persons standing in regard to the Law. Justification does not describe the person's character.
Difference between forgiveness and justified: You can have a debt cancelled and be forgiven. Or, you can have someone pay your debt and your character is justified.
Freely is seen when someone very poor wants to pay someone who is very rich for a sandwich. The very rich king is so rich he doesn't sell things. He either keeps them or gives them away.
on WHOM proeqeto o SET FORTH qeoV GOD ilasthrion A MERCY
SEAT dia thV
THROUGH pistewV FAITH en tw IN autou HIS aimati BLOOD, eiV FOR A endeixin SHOWING
Romans 3:26 en IN th THE anoch FORBEARANCE tou OF qeou GOD proV FOR [THE] endeixin SHOWING FORTH thV OF dikaiosunhV RIGHTEOUSNESS autou HIS en IN tw THE nun PRESENT kairw TIME, eiV to FOR einai BEING auton HIS dikaion JUST kai AND dikaiounta JUSTIFYING ton HIM THAT [IS] ek OF THE pistewV FAITH ihsou OF JESUS.
Romans 3:27 pou WHERE oun THEN [IS] h THE kauchsiV BOASTING? exekleisqh IT WAS EXCLUDED. dia THROUGH poiou WHAT nomou LAW? twn OF ergwn WORKS? ouci NO, alla BUT dia THROUGH nomou A LAW pistewV OF FAITH.
Romans 3:28 logizomeqa WE RECKON oun THEREFORE pistei BY FAITH dikaiousqai TO BE JUSTIFIED anqrwpon A MAN cwriV APART FROM ergwn WORKS nomou OF LAW.
Romans 3:29 h OF ioudaiwn JEWS o [IS HE] THE qeoV GOD monon ONLY? ouci de AND NOT kai ALSO eqnwn OF GENTILES? nai YEA, kai ALSO eqnwn OF GENTILES:
Romans 3:30 epeiper SINCE INDEED eiV o ONE qeoV GOD [IT IS] oV WHO dikaiwsei WILL JUSTIFY [THE] peritomhn CIRCUMCISION ek BY pistewV FAITH, kai AND akrobustian UNCIRCUMCISION dia thV THROUGH pistewV FAITH.
Romans 3:31 nomon LAW oun THEN katargoumen DO WE MAKE OF NO EFFECT dia thV THROUGH pistewV FAITH? mh MAY genoito IT NOT BE! alla BUT nomon LAW istwmen WE ESTABLISH