Proverbs 13

    1 A wise son heeds his father's instruction,
       but a mocker does not listen to rebuke.

Two types of sons:                                                                                                                             

a) One who learns to listen to his father                                                                                            

b)  Another who does not learn and becomes the mocker.

A person must learn to be corrected.

This is learned first in the home and is taught by the father.

Exodus 20:12

Deuteronomy 5:16 and 6:1,2

   2 From the fruit of his lips a man enjoys good things,
       but the unfaithful have a craving for violence.

A person with good words produces good things

An unfaithful person can only say things that are not sincere, not honest or not faithful.  These words produce a reaction in people that is described as violence. 

    3 He who guards his lips guards his life,
       but he who speaks rashly will come to ruin.

Guarding your lips does not mean you are deceitful.                                                                                                

Proverbs 29:11 in the KJ says, “A fool uttereth all his mind.”

In order to protect your life, your well being, your job, your social life, your family, etc. you need to learn how to            guard or control your mouth.

The one who speaks uncontrollably will ruin their life.                                                                                 

Proverbs 29:11 says in the second half, “A wise man keeps himself under control.”

    4 The sluggard craves and gets nothing,
       but the desires of the diligent are fully satisfied.

Wanting something and getting it are two different things.

The sluggard and the diligent have this in common:  They both want something

They are different though because one is going to do something in response to their desires and the other will not.

The result: The sluggard gets nothing, but the diligent is satisfied completely.  The diligent does not stop until they            have totally received what they wanted.


Comparing the Sluggard and the Diligent

                                                Sluggard                                 Diligent

Original Thought                  Desires Something (Craves)    Desires Something (Desires)

Plan of Action                        Does nothing                           That’s Action (Diligent)                     

Result                                     Gets nothing                           Fully Satisfied                        


    5 The righteous hate what is false,
       but the wicked bring shame and disgrace.

The godly hate to speak falsely about someone else.

The wicked speak shame and disgrace about others even if it is not true.

    6 Righteousness guards the man of integrity,
       but wickedness overthrows the sinner.

      Righteous Man    acts with Integrity and that integrity Guards him

      Wicked Man acts in Sin and that sin Overthrows him

    7 One man pretends to be rich, yet has nothing;
       another pretends to be poor, yet has great wealth.

This is talking about both the appearance of wealth and actual wealth.                                                                   

A)  a person can pretend to be something they are not and you can not see.  They may hide the truth       

B)  a person may appear to be rich or poor by human standards, but in eternal value be the opposite as in:            

Proverbs 11:24, “One man gives freely, yet gains even more. . .”

    8 A man's riches may ransom his life,
       but a poor man hears no threat.

The rich man may spend his life (time, thoughts and  money) meeting obligations, taking care of his enormous             wealth, protecting what he has so he does not lose it from bad investments, thieves, over sights, etc.

The poor man. . . Feels no threats on his life from big business or robbers.  Basically he is not worried about            what he can not loose.  The poor man may be poor in wealth, but rich in living and experiencing his life.

    9 The light of the righteous shines brightly,
       but the lamp of the wicked is snuffed out.

Ps. 18:28, “You, O Lord, keep my lamp burning; my God turns my darkness into light.”

Job 18:5, “The lamp of the wicked is snuffed out; the flame of his fire stops burning.   . The vigor of his step is             weakened; his own schemes throw him down. . . “

    10 Pride only breeds quarrels,
       but wisdom is found in those who take advice.

Pride is an ingredient in every argument.

This is not saying that every  time there is a difference in opinion pride is involved.  There may be two humble,             teachable people truly seeking wisdom that have a difference in opinion.  How can you tell?

This second disagreement between two humble people will characterized by both people listening and taking             advice from each other.

If one of them is full of pride their disagreement will never result in discovering wisdom concerning the issure.

    11 Dishonest money dwindles away,
       but he who gathers money little by little makes it grow.

After considering both halves of this proverb we have this parallel:

Money Gained Dishonestly- - - - - - - -gained all at once, no work, easy gain- - - - - this money dwindles away

Money Gained Honestly- - - - - - - - - - gained little by little, working, saving- - - - - this money grows to more

    12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick,
       but a longing fulfilled is a tree of life.

Deferred is referring to waiting a long, long time for something that was promised.  It affects the life and health.            “Heart Sick” is the combination of Hebrew words which mean “”to loosen, to make loose” and a word    that means, “to be slack, feeble, sick.”  So waiting unreasonably long for something releases hopelessness        and feebleness into a life

“A longing fulfilled” is literally “desire come” also affects a persons attitude (heart) which is the source (tree) of health and life for a person.  A hope fulfilled renews and extends the life of a person.

This is not talking about waiting for the Lord or waiting for his eternal promises.  James 5:7, “Be patient, the, brothers, until the Lord’s coming.  See how the farmer waits for the land to yield its valuable crop. . .You            too, be patient and stand firm. . .”

    13 He who scorns instruction will pay for it,
       but he who respects a command is rewarded.

The NIV fails to capture the meaning as does the KJ and the NAS.

KJ:  Whoso despiseth the word shall be destroyed; but he that feareth the commandment shall be rewarded.”

NAS:  “The one who despises the word will be in debt to it, but the one who fears the commandment will be rewarded.

Because of the Hebrew  for “word” and “command” we know this is talking about the revealed law of God or the             Word of God. 

Someone who scorns the instruction of the Word of God is still in debt to it even if they ignore it.                                   

All men are bound to the word of God and live in a world where everything is framed on the foundation of the wisdom of God.  To despise this word is to live carelessly and on the path of destruction.


14 The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life,
       turning a man from the snares of death.

The experience of the wise communicated through their advice is pumping life into you just like a fountain.

    15 Good understanding wins favor, but the way of the unfaithful is hard.

    16 Every prudent man acts out of knowledge,  but a fool exposes his folly.

    17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble,  but a trustworthy envoy brings healing.

    18 He who ignores discipline comes to poverty and shame,
       but whoever heeds correction is honored.

    19 A longing fulfilled is sweet to the soul,  but fools detest turning from evil.

    20 He who walks with the wise grows wise,  but a companion of fools suffers harm.

    21 Misfortune pursues the sinner,
       but prosperity is the reward of the righteous.

    22 A good man leaves an inheritance for his children's children,
       but a sinner's wealth is stored up for the righteous.

    23 A poor man's field may produce abundant food, but injustice sweeps it away.

    24 He who spares the rod hates his son, but he who loves him is careful to discipline him.

Ephesians 6:4 warns the fathers of the dangers of exasperating your children. 

The word “exasperate” refers to “excessively severe discipline, unreasonably harsh demands, abuse of authority,             arbitrariness, unfairness, constantly nagging and condemnation, subjecting a child to humiliation, and all             forms of gross insensitivity to a child’s needs and sensibilities.” (Linguistic Key)

The lack of any discipline or guidance will also exasperate a child. A father must both provide the child with discipline (motivation to do right) and teaching (instruction)

“Bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord.

“Rod” is both representation of that training or discipline and also a means of providing it.                                                See Proverbs 19:18;    22:15;    23:13;    29:15, 17

“Careful to discipline” means “diligently disciplines them early”.  This refers to when they are young and trainable.

 25 The righteous eat to their hearts' content,
       but the stomach of the wicked goes hungry.