First 69 sevens
Events between the 69th seven and the 70th seven
The Jewish people had just
suffered 70 years and were returning to rebuild
“weeks” or “sevens” is the word that refers to a period of 7. In this case 7 years.
“decreed” - this word means that this period of time has been determined which
ndicates they are part of God’s total plan and will happen just as he has
This declared period of 490 years is for:
1) Your people (
2) Your holy city (
Remember, chapters 2, 7 and 8 referred to the Gentiles. Remember Daniel 2:4 the writing switches from Hebrew to Aramaic. It is now being written in Hebrew again.
There is no way, no room, no hermeneutics that can connect these verses to the church.
There is no way Daniel is thinking these words mean anything other than the
This declared period of 490 years will accomplish these six things:
1) Finish transgression – finish means to bring to an
2) Put an end to sin – may mean to take away sin, bring sin to final judgment or seal up sin. The sealing up sin would be similar to locking it in prison. Sin is removed and caused to be ineffective.
3) Atone for wickedness – or, to make reconciliation for iniquity. This is mentioned in 2 Corinthians 5:19
4) Bring in everlasting righteousness – occurred on the cross or at the second coming of Christ. Jeremiah 23:5-6 and Isaiah 11:2-5 speak of this character of the Messiah’s kingdom
5) Seal up vision and prophecy – “seal up” means no more is to be added. Concerning what has been prophesied will be fulfilled. The sealing may refer the purpose a king would seal a document with his ring or seal. A king would seal a document to prove it was authentic, true and really from him. Sealing would then declare what was in the document was the kings will or order. How could God “seal” the visions and prophecies already given? He would prove they were his by having them ultimately and completely fulfilled.
6) Anoint the most holy – some claim this was
b. the rededication of the
c. Some say it is Jesus at his first coming and was anointed with the Holy Spirit at his baptism by John.
d. Jesus anointing the
e. The future
f. Some even try to connect this to the New Jerusalem of Revelation 21:1-27.
g. The literal understanding of this in the context of
the first five would be the seating of Jesus in the
Three views of the 490 years:
The beginning of the 490 years could be:
a. 538 BC when Cyrus allowed the Jews to return found in 2 Chron. 36:23 and Ezra 1:2-4. But, this was not a command to
restore the city. Also, 538 BC-490 years=48 BC. And what happened in 48 BC?
Julius Caesar gave Jews control of
b. 458 BC when Artaxerxes makes a decree in Ezra 7:12-26 that focuses on the Temple but makes allowance for Jerusalem to have magistrates and judges (7:25) which assumes there is a settlement in a city with laws, citizens, government, etc. 458 BC-490 years=32 AD (or, 33 AD since there is no year “0 AD” or “0 BC.”). What happened in 33 AD? Some scholars have set this as the date of Christ’s death and resurrection. These are four of the six events discussed in Daniel 4:24.
c. 458 BC same as above from Ezra 7:12-26, but instead of the full 490 years the text seems to focus on the first 69 sevens or 483 of the 490 years: 458 BC-483 years=25 or actually 26 AD. What happened in 26 AD? Modern history books date John the Baptist ministry to 26 AD and place Jesus baptism to this very year.
d. 445 BC when in Nehemiah 2:5-8 Artaxerxes
gave letters to Nehemiah authorizing him to rebuild the wall and to build a
Jesus mentions this in Matthew 24:15 which indicates that Antiochus Epiphanes did not completely fulfill this in 167 BC mention in Daniel 11:31
167 BC = Antiochus Epiphanes
70 AD = Titus
Future = Anti-Christ in 2 Thessalonians 2:4 and Revelation 13:14